At one point or the other in our life, we often encounter pains, scratchiness or irritation of the throat. This gets worsen when we try to swallow food. Sore throat is commonly caused by viral infection-cold, flu etc. Sore throat as a result of viral infection, often heals on its own.
Meanwhile, Strep throat, a less common type of sore throat caused by bacteria, requires treatment with antibiotics to prevent complications. And other less common causes of sore throat might require more complex treatment.
Sore throat develops different symptoms like:
- Pain or a scratchy sensation in the throat
- Pain that worsens with swallowing or talking
- Difficulty swallowing
- Sore, swollen glands in your neck or jaw
- Swollen, red tonsils
- White patches or pus on your tonsils
- A hoarse or muffled voice
Here are some methods you can apply to get rid of sore throat quickly:
1.Stay Hydrated: Staying hydrated is an important part of treating a sore throat. When you’re dehydrated, your body can’t produce enough saliva and mucus to keep your throat naturally lubricated. This will make the swelling and inflammation worse. Clean water is a good choice, as are warm teas.
2. Get a Steam Shower: Breathe in the steam from a warm shower to help reduce swelling and ease the pain of a sore throat. You can also create steam by running very hot water into a sink. Drape a towel over your head and lean into the sink to breathe in the steam. Keep taking deep breaths for several minutes, and repeat as necessary to ease your sore throat.
3. Raise Your Head: When congestion comes with your sore throat, prop an extra pillow or two under your head. The extra height will help you breathe easier. With your congestion relieved, you won’t have to sleep with your mouth open, which can dry out your throat and cause it to hurt even more.
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4. Gargle warm Salt water: Gargling with warm salt water can help soothe a scratchy throat. The salt pulls the mucus out of your swollen, inflamed tissue and helps relieve the discomfort. Combine 1/4 to 1/2 teaspoon of table salt with 4 to 8 ounces of warm water. Stir until the salt dissolves. Then gargle with it for several seconds and spit it out. Repeat the salt gargle several times each day.
Prevention is very important against treatment. It is important to take certain prevention methods for a healthy well being. Some of these prevention includes:
- Washing your hands thoroughly and frequently, especially after using the toilet, before eating, and after sneezing or coughing.
- Avoid sharing food, drinking glasses or utensils.
- Cough or sneeze into a tissue and throw it away. When necessary, sneeze into your elbow.
- Use alcohol-based hand sanitizers as an alternative to washing hands when soap and water aren’t available.
- Avoid touching public phones or drinking fountains with your mouth.
- Regularly clean telephones, TV remotes and computer keyboards with sanitizing cleanser. When you travel, clean phones and remotes in your hotel room.
- Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
Since sore throat is caused by germs, these measures stated above if adhered to can help prevent sore throat and other germ related sicknesses.