Kawasaki Disease Overview
Kawasaki disease (KD), also referred to as mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome, is a disease in which the blood vessels throughout the body become inflamed. Kawasaki disease is an illness that almost always affects children, most of them under the age of 5.
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It is one of the leading causes of heart disease in children. Doctors can treat it if it is found early, and most children recover without any problem. Kawasaki disease cannot be passed from one child to another. To diagnose it, doctors look at the signs and symptoms.
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Some severe cases of Kawasaki disease require surgery, and a small percentage of children do not survive the illness. Infants have a higher risk of serious complications.
You will likely need to follow up with your child’s doctor to be sure his heart is functioning properly. He may require follow up X-rays, echo-cardiograms, EKGs (electrocardiogram), or other tests.
Symptoms of Kawasaki disease(Chronic Disease)
Kawasaki disease, also known as Kawasaki syndrome affects children and includes several symptoms given below:
- Swelling of the hands and feet
- Irritation and redness of the whites of the eyes
- Swollen lymph glands in the neck
- Irritation and inflammation of the lips, mouth and throat of the child.
These effects of Kawasaki disease are rarely serious. The acute phase of the disease usually lasts between 10 and 14 days or more. Most children recover completely. But, in some cases, Kawasaki’s disease can lead to long-term heart complications.
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Meaning of Kawasaki
Kawasaki disease was named after Dr. Tomisaku Kawasaki, a Japanese pediatrician. The disease probably existed for a long time, but was recognized as a distinct syndrome only in 1967.
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Incidence of Kawasaki Disease
The occurrence of Kawasaki disease is higher in Japan than in any other country, although the disease has been reported worldwide. In the United States, this condition is more common among Asian-American children, but can occur in any racial or ethnic group. It is the most common cause of heart disease in children in this country.
In recent years, Kawasaki disease has tended to appear in localized outbreaks, most often in winter or early spring. . The majority of patients are under 5 years old; the average age of children with the syndrome is about 2 years. Children develop the disease almost twice as much as girls.
Kawasaki Disease Treatment
Your child may experience a lot of pain due to fever, swelling, and irritation of the skin. Your doctor may prescribe medications to relieve you, including aspirin and other drugs that prevent blood clots. You should not give any medicine to your child without first checking with your doctor.
You will probably also receive IV immunoglobulin. This is more effective when administered with aspirin than with aspirin alone. This will lower your chances of heart problems if you use it early in your treatment. Due to the risk of complications, most children are initially treated for Kawasaki disease in the hospital.